There are multiple variants to the theory of evolution. The most well-known among them states that everything happened spontaneously and by chance out of a single Big Bang. This article presents four scientific objections against the statement.
1. The Big Bang and Einstein
Einstein’s formula E = mc2 does not allow for an increase in the total amount of mass and energy. On the level of the universe, all three factors of this formula are constants. All matter that exists now has always existed. The appearance of matter in the universe is therefore contradictory to the theory of Einstein.
The theory of evolution also rejects the fact that something can come forth out of nothing. According to this theory, new things come forth out of something that already existed. Otherwise, it couldn’t be called evolution. Neither Einstein nor the theory of evolution can explain the existence of matter and energy.
2. The Occurrence of Life
No present-day theory can give a possible explanation of how life occurred. Theories are present that give possible explanations of how chains of amino acids and nucleic acids could appear out of inorganic molecules. The step to a form of life out of these biomolecules is however huge. Even the simplest form of life that we know has at least three different kinds of nucleic acids and proteins that have to work together. These three nucleic acids are messenger RNA, ribosomal RNA, and 20 different transfer RNA’s that are necessary together to make a protein.
Not a single serious scientist has ever attempted to put forth in a testable theory how the simplest form of life can occur. Prof. Wim den Otter dwells on the mathematical impossibility. It shouldn’t surprise us that even Darwin assumed the existence of a Creator who had created one or more forms of life.
3. Mechanisms of Evolution – Variation, Selection and Design versus Blind Chance.
Darwin’s theory of evolution assumes variation and selection. A variation occurs by inheriting characteristics with mutation and recombination. Recombination only happens by sexual reproduction. Recombination is much more effective in fixing positive changes than mutations by chance.
The inherited variation can be selected in different ways. Darwin described:
- natural selection as the cause of biological functionality
- selection by sexual partners for the existence of beauty and care for the young
- selection by the group as the cause of (neighbourly) love
Variation and selection, the mechanism of evolution according to Darwin, is also important in the body of the individual. An example is the occurrence of an immune response. An immune response can never be a blind process of a chance because the result must be effective for the combat of a certain infection. An example is a specific immune response against a new flu virus. In the immune system, a focused change occurs in the desired direction and the infection is effectively combated. The mechanism that causes this change is the same as the mechanism of evolution, namely variation and selection.
Researchers who develop new medicines also arrived at this conclusion. Variation and selection are therefore used in the development of new medicines. Also, Charles Darwin shares the opinion that evolution is closer to design than to blind chance in The Origin of Man (1871) in his comparison of the eye and the telescope.
4. Mankind is not only biological
Mankind does resemble anthropoid apes, biologically speaking. However, mankind is much more than just human biological matter. Culture, awareness, intelligence and free will are far more developed by mankind than by animals.
In the last chapter of his book Degeneration, Peter Scheele writes: “Mankind is a spirit”. Amen.
Dr. John J.L. Jacobs
Edited article first published in Dutch on evolutie.biz